African-American Nation-State in Africa - Our Right to Return
A Petition under Resolution 1503 was filed April 10, 2012 to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights for the Restitution and Repatriation of Africans in America UNDER International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights Article 12, the RIGHT OF RETURN. Recognizing Africans in America have national, racial, ethnic and religious element which distinguish this minority from other population groups in the United States. Minority-specific provisions were set forth in a number of UN human rights instruments i.e. the Right of Return to ones own country.
International Human Rights Law
The term right of return refers to a principle of international law, codified in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, giving any person the right to return to, and re-enter, his or her country of origin. This principle is sometimes reflected in special consideration in a country's immigration laws (called "repatriation") which facilitate or encourage the reunion of a diaspora.
GENERAL COMMENTS ADOPTED BY THE HUMAN RIGHTS COMMITTEE UNDER ARTICLE 40, PARAGRAPH 4, OF THE INTERNATIONAL COVENANT ON CIVIL AND POLITICAL RIGHTS- Article 12) The right to enter one's own country (para. 4)
Summary: As African Americans, we vision grassroots empowerment and a resolution designed to restore our dignity and self-determination of an entire population of disenfranchised peoples. This will result in the safe and dignified return of massive numbers of former slaves, men, women and children back to our homeland. It is a generally recognized principle of international law that when sovereignty ... over an area changes hands, there is a concurrent transfer of responsibility for the population of that territory. Therefore it cannot be argued that African American, as descendants of slaves in America ... no longer had any rights with regard to the Africa in which they were taken because of the slave trade. Moreover, where slavery results in ... statelessness, Article 15 of the Declaration, which stipulates that "[e]veryone has the right to a nationality," becomes a further relevant protection of the right of return.