Campaign for Open Spaces in Mumbai
It found that residents of neighbourhoods with abundant green space were, on average, healthier. This correlation was clearly evident in the general population but it was more pronounced among seniors, housewives and low-income people. Nature has a positive effect on recovery from stress and attention fatigue positive impact on mood, concentration, mental fatigue, self-discipline and physiological stress.Green spaces may enhance the potential of creating and sustaining community interaction and networks.Parents of children suffering from Attention Deficit Disorder, report improvement and fewer attention problems when the area of play is in natural settings Urban open spaces offer citizens relief from the strains of urban environments and everyday demands. That respite can come in the form of a walk or run, time spent sitting or reading, watching the birds, essentially any time spent in the natural environment the open space offers. Research shows that when open spaces are attractive and accessible, people are more likely to engage in physical activity,which has obvious inherent health benefits. Accessibility has been shown to increase open space use, which drops dramatically for distances longer than a five-minute walk (about 400 m). Due to increasing urbanization, combined with a spatial planning policy of densification, more people face the prospect of living in less green residential environments, especially people from low economic strata. This may lead to environmental injustice with regard to the distribution of (access) to public green space. The BMC has a surplus budget of Rs 27,578 crore for 2013-14 and environmentalists estimate it would take a little over a hundred crore a year to maintain recreation grounds and playgrounds that are more than 5,000 sq m. Mumbai has an abysmal paucity of gardens and playgrounds. The appalling ratio of 0.03 acres of open space for every 1,000 persons is a far cry from London’s 12 acres, New York’s four acres and Singapore’s six acres per 1,000 people.
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