"the people of the United States have given to the executive department the power to negotiate with foreign governments, and to carry on all foreign relations, and that it is therefore an usurpation of that power for an individual to undertake to correspond with any foreign power on any dispute between the two governments, or for any state government, or any other department of the general government, to do it." Rep. Isaac Parker of Massachusetts (Jan. 16, 1799.) "Into the field of negotiation the Senate cannot intrude, and Congress itself is powerless to invade it." (United States Supreme Court (Curtiss-Wright, 1936.) Any citizen of the United States, wherever he may be, who, without authority of the United States, directly or indirectly commences or carries on any correspondence or intercourse with any foreign government or any officer or agent thereof, with intent to influence the measures or conduct of any foreign government or of any officer or agent thereof, in relation to any disputes or controversies with the United States, or to defeat the measures of the United States, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than three years, or both... The Logan Act (1799.) Dear Mr. President, Secrectary of State Rice, and Attorney General Gonzalez: Please take whatever steps are necessary to prosecute Nancy Polosi and her entourage for violating the Logan Act, emboldening our enemies, and breaking their oaths of office on their recent trip to Syria.